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About the Discussion Group

This discussion group exchanges comments and articles that are relevant, directly or indirectly, to a future Arctic, free of nuclear weapons.  Content, for example, could relate to:-  climate change as related to broadly defined security, nuclear-weapon-free-zones, and human security for the new Arctic.  Members send relevant articles in the media or on the web  to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 

March 2014 -Canadian Pugwash members speak at "Nuclear Weapons Past and Present", the Bill Graham Centre, UofT

  • Ramesh Thakur -The Problem of Nuclear Weapons and What To Do About It. [PDF]
  • Adele Buckley - Arctic Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone, Current Proposals [PDF]
  • Ernie Regehr - Situational maritime awareness toward an Arctic Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone
April-May 2014 - Canadian Pugwash Panel Discussions the United Nations' Third Preparatory Committee for the 2015 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons [PDF]
  1. Arctic: an essential Nuclear Weapon Free Zone
  2. NATO and the NPT: Implications of Alliance Membership for the NP
  3. New Ideas and Initiatives
2013 - Ernie Regehr DISARMING ARCTIC SECURITY, for the Simons Foundation
  •   NATO and the Arctic [Read]
  •   Missile Defence and the Arctic [Read]
  •   Fighter aircraft and Arctic Sovereignity [Read]
  •   Canada-US Military Cooperation in the Arctic: Bilateralism or Multilateralism? [Read]
  •   Are Russian nuclear weapons on the rise in the Arctic? [Read]

January 2014 - A new paper by Adele Buckley, Michigan State International Law Review,  -
An Arctic-Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone: Circumpolar Non-Nuclear Weapons States Must Originate Negotiation.  [PDF]

Oct 2012 - An Artic Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Needed Now: Cadmus, www.cadmusjournal.org, by Adele Buckley, Physicist, Engineer and Environmental Scientist; Member of Pugwash Council. Read [pdf]

In 2007, Jayantha Dhanapala, President of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, asked the Canadian Pugwash Group to consider the problem of nuclear weapons in the Arctic, and to put forward potential solutions.

 

The result was the statement “Canadian Pugwash Call for an Arctic Nuclear-Weapon Free Zone” (24 August 2007), which said:

 

the declaration of a NWFZ would help move the world towards the exclusion of all weapons of mass destruction from the Arctic and will be a step towards demilitarization.

 

The paper prompted significant discussion and debate within the Pugwash and wider disarmament community.

 

Several conferences on Arctic security have been held to consider growing Arctic insecurity and CPG’s statement, including “Arctic Security in the 21st Century” held in April 2008 and organized by the Simons Foundation.

 

In July, 2008, PNND met at Pugwash Nova Scotia, to discuss “Pugwash, Parliamentarians and Political Will: Advancing the Agenda for Abolition”.

 

A paper on Arctic NWFZ was presented there by Canadian Pugwash, and an article was subsequently published in SGI Quarterly ( April, 2009).

 

One of the participants at the Pugwash, NS meeting in 2008 subsequently introduced the concept of Arctic NWFZ in the House of Lords in Britain.

 

Arctic Nuclear Weapon Free Zone” was held in August 2009 and organized by the Danish National Pugwash Group and the Danish Institute for International Studies.

 

The latter event, which was co-sponsored by Parliamentarians for Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament (PNND), Canadian Pugwash Group and the Swedish branch of the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, produced seven recommendations, which included the following:

 

1. That governments and relevant sectors of civil society collaborate in developing the modalities for establishing a nuclear-weapon-free and demilitarized Arctic region;

 

2. That such collaboration should include active participation of, among others,
indigenous and northern peoples, inhabitants of the region, parliamentarians,
scientists, health professionals and academics.

 

Participants in these events and those experts who have been studying the issue are becoming increasingly alarmed at the renewed and rapid pace of Arctic militarization, and the growing possibility of conflict.

 

At its AGM in November 2009, the Canadian Pugwash Group adopted “A Nuclear Weapon–Free Arctic Research and Campaign Plan 2009-2010.”

 

The goal of the campaign is

 

To reduce and eliminate the presence of nuclear weapons and their delivery systems in the Arctic region

 

A Nuclear Weapon–Free Arctic will be achieved through co-operative security measures and agreements between national governments, with the support of indigenous peoples and other Arctic communities.

 

This goal supports a strengthened NPT, particularly Article VI (nuclear disarmament) and Article VII (nuclear weapon-free zones), and complements U.S.–Russian Federation disarmament negotiations.

 

Canadian Pugwash Group,

 

Arctic Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone